Nutrients Required for Baby’s Diet
Nature’s One® purchases its organic milk from cooperatives supplied by family-owned farms that do not treat their cows with any hormones or antibiotics. You can be assured that the cows raised on these farms graze in organic pastures. The result of organic pastures is healthy cows and high quality organic milk. The Cornucopia Institute gave Nature’s One® organic milk suppliers an “excellent” or a “4 cow rating”. Learn more about Cornucopia Institute’s research on organic milks. Cornucopia’s Organic Dairy Report
Nature's One® organic commitment assures only organic and natural ingredients with no artificial flavors, sweeteners, colors, genetically modified ingredients, chemical processing like hexane solvents, pesticides or added growth hormones. Baby's Only Organic® formulas are manufactured in the U.S.A. No milk protein or dairy derivatives are purchased from China.
The links below explain the vital importance of each nutrient used in Baby's Only Organic® formulas.
Vitamins & Minerals are Essential Nutrients
Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients needed by the body to perform all of its functions, thus they are essential for proper growth, development, and body maintenance. Vitamins are organic, meaning they come from living organisms. Minerals are inorganic, meaning they do not come from living organisms but from substances such as limestone, shells, or the earth.Read More...
Except for two vitamins (Vitamin D and niacin), humans cannot make their own vitamins and minerals. They must be obtained from foods preferably or supplements if needed.
As important as vitamins are to the body, they can do nothing without minerals. Vitamins and minerals work together and are used as catalysts for many reactions that take place in the body. For example, vitamin C helps the body to absorb the mineral iron needed for healthy blood. The synergistic effect of calcium and Vitamin D in promoting good bone health is well known. Specific amounts of vitamins and minerals are needed for bodily functions. Too much or too little of any one of them can cause illness. The lack of Vitamin D, for example, can cause rickets (poor bone development). Too little iron in the diet results in anemia.
The best source of vitamins and minerals is food. Sometimes the body needs more than a person can consume from foods. Pregnant and lactating women will usually be advised to take a daily vitamin and mineral supplement. Breastfed infants may need an iron supplement after six months of age. Postmenopausal women need a calcium and Vitamin D supplement to prevent osteoporosis. Picky eaters, especially those who won’t eat specific types of foods, like fruits and vegetables, may need a daily vitamin and mineral supplement. Whenever there is any question about the need for a supplement, it’s always best to consult with your healthcare professional.
Many of the signs and symptoms of a vitamin or mineral deficiency or excess are very general and can result from a variety of medical conditions. It is always important to have your healthcare professional evaluate any symptoms so that appropriate care is given.
There are Two Types of Vitamins: Water-Soluble & Fat-Soluble
Vitamins are often characterized as being water-soluble or fat-soluble. The water-soluble vitamins are the B-complex vitamins and Vitamin C. The fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. If the body does not need all of the water-soluble vitamins you consume, then the excess is excreted in the urine. However, this is not the case with fat-soluble vitamins. Any excess of fat-soluble vitamins gets stored in the body and are excreted more slowly than water-soluble vitamins, which may lead to side effects or adverse health problems. For example, an excess intake of Vitamin A can cause a loss of appetite, headache, liver damage, nerve damage, nausea, dry skin, bone and joint pains, and abnormal bone growth. An excess intake of vitamin D can cause weak bones and muscles, increased calcium in blood, excessive bleeding, hardening of soft tissues, fatigue, and headaches. An excess intake of vitamins is usually the result of taking vitamin supplements that contain mega doses. It is always best to speak with your child’s healthcare provider before using a vitamin supplement. Baby’s Only Organic® formulas contain the correct balance of vitamins and minerals that are necessary for the growth and development of a full term, healthy baby.
Minerals Feed the Human Body
Three minerals (calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium) account for 98% of the body’s mineral content and are especially important for bone health. In addition to these major minerals, the body also needs minuscule amounts of other minerals called trace elements.Read More...
Trace elements such as iron, zinc, iodine are essential for the body’s enzyme systems to function properly. Three minerals (sodium, potassium, and chloride) are known as electrolytes because of their function in the body to conduct electrical currents.
The body can regulate the balance of minerals. If a person consumes more minerals than are needed, any excess is excreted. If the body lacks a mineral, it will compensate for this lack by absorbing more of the mineral from foods consumed. Otherwise, mineral supplements are usually unnecessary except in chronic conditions where food intake is limited or when nutrient absorption is affected.
There are a few exceptions to this. An infant is born with iron stores that will last for 4 to 6 months. An iron supplement (or use of an iron-fortified formula for non-breastfed infants) will be recommended to prevent iron-deficiency anemia. During pregnancy, an iron supplement is often recommended to prevent anemia in mom and to assure a good iron supply to the fetus. Calcium along with Vitamin D is often recommended to postmenopausal women to prevent osteoporosis.
- NUTRIENT FACTS
- Fat Soluble Vitamins
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin K
- Water Soluble Vitamins
- Folic Acid
- Pantothenic Acid
- B Vitamins
- Vitamin C
- Major Minerals
- Trace Elements
- Other Nutrients
- Fatty Acids
This is important for the development of bones and teeth and helps maintain the gums. It is essential for night vision, healthy skin, hair and mucous membranes. It is sometimes referred to as the anti-infective vitamin because it is required for the proper functioning of the immune system and helps prevent infection.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 300 IU (per 100 calories)
Good animal sources of Vitamin A include: milk and dairy products, organ meats such as liver.
Good plant sources of the pro Vitamin A carotenoids include: deep yellow and orange fruits and vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, and dark green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin D, also known as calciferol, is often called the sunshine vitamin because of the body’s ability to make it from the interaction of the sun on the skin. Vitamin D made from this process is referred to as Vitamin D3 or cholecalciferol. Vitamin D3 is also available from animal sources. Vitamin D derived from plant sources is known as Vitamin D2 or ergocalciferol. Vitamin D helps the body properly utilize calcium and phosphorus for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Recent research has confirmed that Vitamin D3 is more effective than Vitamin D2 in humans in improving the bodies Vitamin D status.1
Vitamin D is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth in infants, children and adults. In infants and children, a deficiency of Vitamin D results in rickets, a softening of the bones, which can result in bent legs. In adults, osteomalacia (a softening of the bones) or osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of the bones) can occur.
An excessive amount of Vitamin D supplementation can result in an elevated blood calcium level and can lead to calcium deposits in soft tissues, including blood vessels and kidneys, resulting in serious damage. High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels, diarrhea, drowsiness or headaches could also result from an overdose of Vitamin D. Before using a Vitamin D supplement, always check with your healthcare provider who can perform a blood level test and determine the appropriate amount of Vitamin D supplementation needed per day.
For infants and children consuming Baby’s Only Organic® formulas or Organic PediaSmart® Complete Nutrition Beverage, the amount of Vitamin D3, the preferred form of Vitamin D, in these formulas meets the recommended amounts needed daily when used as a sole source of nutrition. When used as a part of a healthy diet, the amount of Vitamin D in these formulas helps to ensure adequate Vitamin D status.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 75 IU (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: fortified milk, cheese, eggs, some fish such as sardines and salmon, and fish oils.
1. Tripkovic L, Lambert H, Hart K, et al. "Comparison of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 supplementation in raising serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status: A systemic review and meta-analysis," American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2012; 95: 1357-1364.
Vitamin E is a generic term used to describe a family of eight antioxidants – 4 tocopherols and 4 tocotrienols. However, only alpha-tocopherol is the form actively used in the body and is, therefore, the form of Vitamin E found in the largest quantity in blood and tissues. Natural Vitamin E Acetate, also known as natural alpha-tocopheryl acetate, is the commonly used form of Vitamin E in foods and vitamin supplements. Vitamin E protects Vitamin A and the essential fatty acids from oxidation in the body. It is needed for the proper functioning of nerves and muscles and helps to form red blood cells, muscle and other tissues.
A deficiency of Vitamin E has been observed in individuals with severe malnutrition or who have a malabsorption syndrome such as cystic fibrosis or cholestatic liver disease. A deficiency of Vitamin E can result in neurological symptoms such as impaired balance and coordination, muscle weakness, and damage to the retina of the eye. Excessive Vitamin E can impair blood clotting leading to hemorrhage and can have a negative effect on white blood cell functioning.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 2 IU (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: poultry, seafood, green leafy vegetables, egg yolk, nuts, seeds, wheat germ, whole grains.
There are three types:
• Vitamin K1 or phylloquinone which is found in plants
• Vitamin K2 or menaquinone which is synthesized by many bacteria
• Vitamin K3 or menadione which is a synthetic form
Vitamin K helps the blood to clot when the body is injured and is important in bone development and repair. In newborn infants, there is a life threatening and preventable bleeding disorder known as Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding (VKDB). This is the reason why it is standard practice to give all newborns an injection of phylloquinone after birth. Baby’s Only Organic® formulas contain the plant-based phylloquinone (Vitamin K1).
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 8.5 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: green leafy vegetables, pork, liver, oats, wheat bran, whole grains.
Biotin is part of the B-complex of vitamins. It is thought to play a role in cell growth and is important in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates (sugars), and some amino acids (the building blocks of protein).
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 3 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: eggs, meats, fish, nuts, seeds, dried beans and peas (legumes).
Folic acid, sometimes called folate or folacin or Vitamin B9, works with vitamins B6 and B12 in protein metabolism. It is needed to make genetic material (DNA and RNA). It promotes normal red blood cell formation and reduces the risk of neural tube (brain and spine) birth defects. This is one reason why a folic acid supplement is recommended during pregnancy.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 15 mcg (per 100 calories
Good Food Sources: poultry, liver, dark green leafy vegetables, dried beans and peas (legumes), yeast breads, wheat germ, cereals, oranges, grapefruits.
Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid or Vitamin B3, is found in every cell of the body. It is necessary for energy production and to maintain the normal functioning of skin, nerves and the digestive tract. It can be manufactured by the body from the amino acid tryptophan. However, the amount needed by the body will usually exceed the amount that the body can produce and it is necessary to consume niacin from foods.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 1100 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: poultry, fish (especially tuna and salmon), beef, peanuts and peanut butter, seeds, potatoes.
Pantothenic acid is also known as Vitamin B5. It is involved in numerous chemical reactions in the body and is essential for the metabolism of fat and sugars. Pantothenic acid is also involved in the manufacture of chemicals that regulate nerve functions.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 450 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: meat, fish, poultry, egg yolk, whole grain cereals, dried beans and peas (legumes).
Riboflavin: also known as Vitamin B2, is found in every cell of the body and is needed for energy production. It also helps to maintain vision and the metabolism and proper functioning of skin and nerve cells.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 100 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: milk and dairy products, enriched breads, eggs, meats (especially organ meats like liver), green leafy vegetables, grains.
Thiamin: This is also known as Vitamin B1 and is important for the normal functioning of the nervous system. Thiamin also participates in the body’s ability to use protein and sugars for energy production.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 100 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: whole grain and enriched grain products, pork, seafood, cereals.
Vitamin B6: This can also be referred to as pyridoxine or pyridoxal. This vitamin influences many body functions including the regulation of blood sugar levels, the manufacturing of hemoglobin in red blood cells which carries oxygen to all body cells, and the functioning of the nervous system. As protein intake increases, so does the body’s need for Vitamin B6. Also, an adequate Vitamin B6 intake decreases the requirement for niacin from food sources because it aids in the conversion of tryptophan to niacin.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 60 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: chicken, fish, pork, liver, whole grains, cereals, spinach, sweet and white potatoes, bananas, prunes, watermelon.
Vitamin B12: This is also known as cobalamin because it contains the mineral cobalt. It is crucial in the reproduction of every cell in the body because it is needed to make DNA, the genetic material required for life. Vitamin B12 is essential for normal growth, healthy nerve tissue, and the formation of blood cells.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & LactoRelief Formulas: 0.2 mcg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula: 0.45 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: All foods of animal origin (meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk and other dairy products) and seafood.
Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid. Vitamin C has received a lot of attention because of its major role in the body as an antioxidant, a substance that prevents damage to cells from free radicals and pollutants, and as a protector against infections, particularly the common cold. Vitamin C plays a role in nerve transmission, tissue repair, the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids, and the enhancement of iron absorption. Vitamin C is used by the body to make collagen, the connective tissue in skin, ligaments and bones.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 20 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: citrus fruits, berries, melon, peppers, dark green leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, plaintains, tomato and tomato products.
Inositol is not a true vitamin because the body can manufacture what it needs. However, it is often considered a water-soluble member of the vitamin B family. Inositol works with choline to help transport fat from the liver. It also helps maintain cell membranes and is involved in the proper functioning of the nervous system.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & LactoRelief Formulas: 5 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula: 15 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: liver, soybeans, eggs, whole grains, nuts, bananas, vegetables.
Choline is not a true vitamin because the body can manufacture small amounts of it. However, it must be consumed from foods to meet overall body needs especially during times of rapid growth and development such as pregnancy, lactation, infancy, and early childhood. Choline is an essential nutrient necessary for the structure and function of all cells in the body.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy w/ DHA & ARA Formula: 24 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic®Dairy, Soy, LactoRelief Formulas: 12 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: beef liver, egg yolk, peanut butter and peanuts, soybeans and soy products.
Although the major function of calcium is the formation and maintenance of bones and teeth, it is also needed to keep the heart pumping, muscles moving, and nerves communicating. Calcium helps regulate the passage of nutrients in and out of cells, assists in normal blood clotting, and is important to normal kidney functioning.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & Soy Formulas: 135 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby's Only Organic® LactoRelief Formula: 84 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: milk and dairy products, fish with edible bones (such as sardines and salmon), oysters, tofu, dark leafy green vegetables.
This teams with calcium to aid in bone and teeth formation, kidney function, and heart contraction. The balance of calcium and phosphorus is important in the body, especially in infancy, to ensure that the team works together well in keeping the body’s chemical balance.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & Soy Formulas: 90 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby's Only Organic® LactoRelief Formula: 56 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: milk and dairy products, meat, fish, eggs, nuts, dried beans and peas (legumes).
This works with calcium and Vitamin C to maintain bone health. It is also necessary for energy production, the making of proteins used by the body to make cells and genetic material, the transmission of nerve impulses, the contraction and relaxation of the muscles, and maintaining the delicate electrical balance of all body cells.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula: 9 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby's Only Organic® LactoRelief Formula: 6 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula: 20 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: soybeans and soy products, nuts, whole grains, dried beans and peas (legumes), green vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals, shellfish.
As blood passes through the tiny air sacs in the lung, oxygen attaches itself to the iron in the blood. That’s how oxygen is carried to all parts of the body. Iron combines with protein and copper to make hemoglobin, a necessary component of red blood cells that carries oxygen to the cells. Iron also is a component of myoglobin, a protein that stores oxygen specifically in muscle tissue. Approximately 90% of iron in the body is conserved and reused every day.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 1.8 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: meat (especially organ meats like liver), dried fruits (raisins, apricots), nuts, green leafy vegetables.
This is needed for cell growth and repair, digestion and metabolism of nutrients, and is vital to the development of the reproductive organs. It also helps regulate the body’s immune response to infection and aids in wound healing.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & LactoRelief Formulas: 0.7 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby's Only Organic® Soy Formula: 1 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: beef, liver, oysters, wheat germ, beans, nuts.
In combination with Vitamin E, selenium works as an antioxidant to help maintain a healthy heart. Selenium provides elasticity to tissues and helps cells to defend themselves against damage from oxidation. Selenium also aids in the proper functioning of the pancreas.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 2.5 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: seafood, poultry, egg yolks, whole grain breads and cereals, eggs, mushrooms.
This is necessary for the absorption and utilization of iron in the body. Copper has an important role in the making of red blood cells and nerve fibers. It also works with Vitamin C to form elastin, a chief component of muscle fibers in the body. Copper is involved in hair and skin coloring, sensitivity to taste.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 70 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: Organ meats like liver, lobster, nuts, dried beans and peas (legumes), barley, prunes.
This is probably best known for keeping the thyroid gland healthy. It is also involved in metabolizing fats and in regulating energy production.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula: 20 mcg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® LactoRelief & Soy Formulas: 10 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: iodized salt, seafood.
This is used by the body as a preferred cofactor in several important enzyme systems and is essential for a healthy tendon and bone structure. It is necessary for the metabolism of thiamine and Vitamin E and helps to maintain the health of the immune and nervous systems.Learn More...
Human milk is relatively low in manganese (4 to 6 micrograms per liter). Infant formulas, both dairy-based and soy-based, contain higher amounts of manganese reflecting the levels of manganese found naturally in cow’s milk or soybeans. No manganese is added to Baby’s Only Organic® formulas. As reported on our labels, Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy formula contains 21 micrograms per 100 Calories and Baby’s Only Organic® Soy formula contains 55 micrograms per 100 Calories. For infants and toddlers, the manganese levels of Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy and Soy formulas are well within the recommendations for a safe and adequate intake by the Food and Nutrition Board of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, which can range as high as 600 micrograms for a baby 0-6 months old. The Infant Formula Act (IFA) specifies a 5 microgram minimum per 100 calories. The IFA and the American Academy of Pediatrics does not dictate maximum levels of manganese for infant formula.
Some of the minerals in Baby’s Only Organic® do appear to be slightly elevated when compared to other formulas. The reason for this is that we list the actual naturally occurring amount of these minerals. For example, Nature’s One® does not add any additional manganese to our soy formula. Additionally, soybeans tend to have a higher amount of these minerals naturally occurring such as you noted for manganese. Other formula companies do not list the naturally occurring amounts found in the soy. Instead, these companies appear to add additional amounts of these minerals and only report the amount they add. They do this for protection from falling below the FDA minimums as required by law. This is practiced because the naturally occurring amounts of these minerals in soy can fluctuate depending on the soil conditions where the soybean was grown. Failing to meet the minimum requirement of these minerals would trigger a recall of the infant formula.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & LactoRelief Formulas: 21 mcg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula: 55 mcg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: whole grains and cereals, nuts, leafy vegetables, molasses, soybeans, sunflower seeds, and tea.
This is an electrolyte and works with sodium to regulate the body’s waste balance, transmit nerve impulses, and regulate muscle contraction including the heart muscles. It is essential for metabolism and the release of insulin. In infants and young children who have diarrhea or vomiting, an oral electrolyte solution such as PediaVance® containing a balance among sodium, potassium and chloride is usually recommended to help prevent the body from becoming dehydrated due to a deficiency in these electrolytes.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & LactoRelief Formulas: 120 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula: 140 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: bananas, citrus fruits, dried fruits, deep yellow vegetables, potatoes, milk, bran cereal.
The primary role of sodium in the body is to maintain fluid balance. Sodium is an electrolyte and works with potassium and chloride to conduct electrical currents in the body and keep tissue fluids in balance. A deficiency of sodium is rare but loss of sodium through diarrhea, vomiting, or excessive sweating can cause dehydration, muscle cramps, weakness, and headaches. This is especially critical in infants and young children and the reason for use of an oral electrolyte solution such as PediaVance® with a balance of sodium, potassium and chloride when a child has diarrhea and vomiting.
Baby’s Only Organic® Formulas: 30 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: salt, milk, processed foods such as luncheon meats.
This is an electrolyte and helps to maintain fluid balance in the body and also is a component of the stomach juices (hydrochloric acid) needed for digestion of foods. A deficiency of chloride is rare but loss of chloride through diarrhea, vomiting, or excessive sweating can cause an upset in the body’s fluid balance resulting in dehydration. In infants and young children who have diarrhea or vomiting, an oral electrolyte solution such as PediaVance® containing a balance among sodium, potassium and chloride is usually recommended to help prevent the body from becoming dehydrated.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & LactoRelief Formulas: 80 mg (per 100 calories)
Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula: 60 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: salt, milk, processed foods such as luncheon meats.
Carbohydrates are one of the crucial dietary sources of energy that support the brain, enable muscular contractions, and provide the fuel necessary for a baby’s and toddler’s rapid growth, especially through 24-months of age. Each gram of carbohydrate provides 4 Calories. So it is important for a child to get adequate amounts of carbohydrates each day from good food sources.
Carbohydrates are sometimes simply called sugars or starches. They are classified scientifically as monosaccharides, disaccharides, or polysaccharides.
Monosaccharide is a one molecule sugar (referred to as a simple sugar or simple carbohydrate). Examples are glucose (sometimes called dextrose), fructose (sometimes called fruit sugar), and galactose. Glucose is the major fuel needed by the body for energy. This is why intravenous fluids (IVs) used in medical situations contain glucose (dextrose).
Disaccharide is made up of two monosaccharides (referred to as a simple sugar or simple carbohydrate). Lactose (sometimes called milk sugar) is made by the joining of one glucose molecule with one galactose molecule. Sucrose (also called table sugar) is made by joining one molecule of fructose with one molecule of glucose. The body breaks down disaccharides into monosaccharides and then converts these to glucose providing needed energy for the body. Baby’s Only Organic® Lactose Free and Soy formulas do not contain lactose; none of our formulas contain sucrose.
Polysaccharide contains more than two sugar molecules. Examples of polysaccharides include organic brown rice syrup, as is found in Baby’s Only Organic® formulas, corn syrup, molasses, and starches. Polysaccharides are often called complex sugars or complex carbohydrates.
Simple sugars are quickly digested and absorbed by the body into the bloodstream. As sugar levels rise in the blood, the pancreas secretes the hormone insulin. Insulin is needed to move the sugar from the blood into the cells where the sugar is then used for energy. When this process goes fast, a feeling of hunger will more likely occur sooner. When it occurs slower, the body appears to be satisfied from hunger longer. Simple sugars usually cause blood sugar levels to rise quicker than complex sugars and increase the production and release of insulin by the pancreas. If the sugar in the bloodstream is not used by the body for energy, then it is stored as fat.
The longer the carbohydrate length, the slower the body breaks it down and, thus, the slower the absorption of the sugar from the intestinal tract into the bloodstream. If there is a slower absorption of the sugar, there is a slower release of insulin. Also, a slower digestion lets the body utilize the sugar for energy and there’s less potential for the sugar to be converted into fat.
Breast Milk is unique in its properties and cannot be duplicated. There are many unique compositional features in breast milk that result in its easy digestion by infants, including factors that help the breakdown of nutrients and their absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. There is no comparing the lactose digestion of a breast fed infant to that of a formula fed infant because manufactured formulas do not contain the many other compositional features of breast milk.
Added Lactose The lactose used in formulas is derived from cow’s milk without the benefit of the unique features of human breast milk. In formulas containing only lactose as the source of carbohydrate, some of the lactose comes into the formula naturally as a part of the cow’s milk and the remainder is added lactose. The added lactose brings the total carbohydrate level to the requirement needed in a formula. In other words, the amount of lactose that comes in naturally with the cow’s milk does not totally meet the needs of a baby and additional lactose must be added. The only lactose contained in Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula is naturally occurring lactose derived from organic cow’s milk.
Organic Brown Rice Syrup The carbohydrate source added to Baby’s Only Organic® formulas is organic brown rice syrup. Rice is gluten-free and is known to be a relatively non-allergenic food and is well tolerated by infants. In fact, rice is the least allergenic of all grains. Organic brown rice syrup also offers the benefit of slower digestion and absorption providing a steadier level of sugar being absorbed into the bloodstream, a more even production and release of insulin, and a more even supply of energy to the body’s cells. In addition, Nature’s One® organic brown rice syrup is grown and processed without the use of chemicals.
Organic brown rice syrup is slightly sweeter than lactose but significantly less sweet than sucrose (table sugar) or cane sugar. The medical community has expressed concern over using cane sugar in infant formulas because it is five times sweeter than lactose and could pose health or medical issues related to obesity or dental caries. The carbohydrates in Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula consist of 35% naturally occurring lactose from the organic non-fat cow’s milk and 65% organic brown rice syrup.
Baby’s Only Organic® LactoRelief & Soy Formulas are the only lactose-free formulas in the U.S. that do not contain corn syrup or sucrose (table sugar). Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula contains naturally occurring lactose without the added lactose as found in leading brand formulas. The chart below explains the primary differences between the three formulas manufactured by Nature’s One®.
|BABY’S ONLY ORGANIC® FORMULAS|
|Dairy Formula||LactoRelief Formula||Soy Formula|
|Dairy Based||Milk Based||Soy Protein Based|
|37% Naturally Occurring
|Lactose Free*||Lactose Free;|
Brown Rice Syrup
Brown Rice Syrup
Brown Rice Syrup
*Do not use for children with galactosemia.
Lactose Intolerance Unlike other formula makers, Nature’s One® prefers to add organic brown rice syrup to its Dairy-based formula rather than more lactose. There are many children and adults who either lack or do not produce adequate levels of the enzyme lactase which is necessary to digest lactose. For example, preterm infants are often fed a lactose-free formula because of their inability to manufacture adequate lactase. When there are inadequate levels of lactase in the gastrointestinal tract, this is referred to as lactose intolerance. Symptoms include bloating, flatulence, loose stools, and in some cases diarrhea. If an infant does not produce enough lactase, then lactose will be a problem. Also, following an illness that causes diarrhea, such as the flu, the intestinal tract’s ability to make lactase is compromised. This is often why healthcare professionals will recommend a lactose free formula for children who have had a bout of diarrhea.
There is also a medical condition called galactosemia whereby a person cannot digest galactose, which is part of lactose. As noted previously, lactose is made of galactose and glucose. For people with galactosemia, they MUST avoid any dairy product or other foods that contain lactose and galactose. Baby’s Only Organic® Soy formula is appropriate for babies with galactosemia.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy & Soy Formulas: 10.8 g (per 100 calories)
Baby's Only Organic® LactoRelief Formula: 10.7 g (per 100 calories)
Proteins are essential to life and are necessary for the body’s manufacturing and maintenance of all cells and tissues, including organ and brain development, and the making of essential body constituents such as hormones and enzymes. If excess protein is consumed and not needed by the body, it is converted to fat and stored by the body as a potential future energy source. Each gram of protein provides 4 Calories.
Proteins are made up of amino acids; there are 20 amino acids. Baby’s Only Organic® formulas (Dairy, Dairy-Lactose Free and Soy) provide all of the essential and non-essential amino acids needed to support growth and development.
The protein source in Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula is organic non-fat dried cow’s milk and the source in Baby’s Only Organic® LactoRelief Formula is organic milk protein concentrate. When human breast milk is unavailable for an infant, the recommendation is to use a dairy-based formula. A cow’s milk (dairy- based) formula is recommended because the proteins are whey (the liquid protein portion) and casein (the curd protein portion), which are proteins found in human milk. Baby's Only Organic® Dairy Formula and LactoRelief Formula consist of 18% whey and 82% casein.
Taurine is not an amino acid but an amino acid derivative. Taurine functions as an antioxidant and is involved as a part of bile acids in early infancy. Taurine is abundant in human milk, but not in cow’s milk protein or soy protein. Taurine is added to Baby’s Only Organic® formulas to the level in breast milk.
When children have an allergic reaction to cow’s milk protein and soy protein, hydrolyzed formulas are often recommended. The cow’s milk protein has been treated to break down the protein, which reduces the allergy potential of the protein. There are presently no organic hydrolyzed formulas on the market.
Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula: 2.6 grams protein (per 100 Calories)
Baby's Only Organic® LactoRelief Formula: 2.1 grams protein (per 100 Calories)
Baby's Only Organic® Soy Formula: 2.8 grams protein (per 100 Calories)
Good Food Sources: Animal meats, fish, dairy products, soybeans, legumes, nuts
The term “lipid” refers to compounds including oils, waxes, animal fats and triglycerides that do not dissolve in water. Lipids are most commonly referred to simply as fats.
Fats constitute the principal structural material of all living cells and are an important source of energy. Healthy skin and hair are maintained by fat. Fat also helps the body absorb and move the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K through the bloodstream. Dietary fat intake provides needed essential fatty acids to the body. These essential fatty acids are linoleic acid and linolenic acid. These are fatty acids that the body cannot make and which must be derived from foods.
Fats provide 9 Calories per gram, more than twice the amount of energy provided by a gram of carbohydrate or protein. An excess of dietary Calories provided by carbohydrates, proteins or fats will be stored in the body as adipose tissue. Adipose tissue serves as insulation for the body’s cells and organs but an excess of fat can lead to overweight and obesity.
Triglycerides are the chemical form of fats that exist in foods as well as in the body. Animal fats, such as butter and lard, tend to be solid or semisolid at room temperature and are more saturated than fats from plant sources. Fats from plant sources are usually liquid at room temperature and are called oils. Most plant oils are made up of unsaturated fatty acids with the exception of coconut, palm, and palm kernel oils. There are two types of unsaturated fats:
• Monounsaturated fats: Examples include olive and canola oils.
• Polyunsaturated fats: Examples include fish, safflower, sunflower, corn, and soybean oils.
Fats are important nutrient for infants and young children. They are needed to support growth, development and energy needs. A child who is not eating or drinking foods with adequate amounts of essential fatty acids can develop a fatty acid deficiency. This is one reason why healthcare professionals strongly advise against the use of skim or low fat milks during early childhood. Signs of an essential fatty acid deficiency include poor growth, scaly skin lesions, dry brittle nails, dandruff, and lack of hair luster.
More than 98% of the fat in human breast milk is in the form of triglycerides. The most abundant triglycerides in breast milk are the saturated fatty acids oleic acid and palmitic acid. It also contains high proportions of the essential fatty acids linoleic fatty acid and linolenic fatty acid. Human milk also contains the non-essential polyunsaturated fatty acids, DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and ARA (arachidonic acid).1
The fat blend of Baby’s Only Organic® formulas consist of organic high oleic sunflower and/or safflower oil, organic coconut oil, and organic soybean oil. This blend was developed because the percentages of the various types of fats are similar to breast milk. This combination of oils also provides appropriate levels of the essential fatty acids, linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). The fat blend of Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA Formula meets the requirements of the Infant Formula Act and is appropriately supplemented with a 1:2 ratio of DHA and ARA.2 It contains 6mg of DHA and 12mg of ARA.
1. Prentice, Ann. “Constituents of human milk,” Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 17:4, December, 1996.
2. Newton, IS. “Long Chain Fatty Acids in Health and Nutrition,” Journal of Food Lipids. 1996; 3:233.
LA: Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy, LactoRelief & Soy Formulas: 1000 mg (per 100 calories)
ALA: Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy Formula & Lactose Free: 128 mg (per 100 calories)
ALA: Baby’s Only Organic® SOY Formula: 110 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: nuts, seeds, grains legumes, vegetables and their cold-pressed oils
DHA: Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA Formula: 6 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Source: fish such as salmon, sardine, tuna, and lake trout, egg
ARA: Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA Formula: 12 mg (per 100 calories)
Good Food Sources: animal meats, dairy foods, eggs, peanuts and nori seaweed